Coordination of International Support to Somalis (CISS) – no longer functional Until the end of 2012, the main coordination forum of the international aid community apart from humanitarian programs was the Coordination of International Support to Somalia (CISS).
The CISS was 'managed' through the CISS Executive Committee (ExCom). CISS (ExCom) membership included at an equal level the three constituencies – donors (represented by the co-chairs of the Somalia Donor Group), the UN Country Team (represented by the HC and the head of the World Bank) and NGOs (represented through the NGO Consortium). The Committee was co-chaired by the HC/RC and the Representative of the World Bank.
The CISS 'headed' a number of sectoral committees such as the health sector committee. These are bodies which the Somali Government and donors can be members of, unlike the Clusters, which are for humanitarian implementing agencies. Few sectors are presently strong.
The CISS was the primary forum linking to national and regional development structures. For example in Somaliland, the Somaliland High Level Aid Coordination Forum (HLACF), linked to the CISS ExCOM, was and theoretically still is the primary coordination mechanism for all international assistance in Somaliland.
Another Somaliland forum, the NGO Consultative Committee was created by the Somaliland Government to address all technical issues related to NGOs and to ensure implementation of the Somaliland NGO Act (and by law) and assistance' alignment with the Somaliland National Development Plan. NGOs are represented on this body and it is loosely linked to the HLACF.
Towards the end of 2012, both donors and UNPOS presented new coordination models. The CISS has since been disbanded and the ExCom has been replaced by the Somali Partnership Forum/Development Partnership Forum.
The Somali Partnership Forum/Development Partnership Forum The SPF is the only non-humanitarian coordination mechanism in which all constituencies are represented and is also open to the Somali Federal Government. It was set up as a follow up to the CISS. Majority of the donors attend the SPF as well as UN heads of agencies. NGOs are invited with two participants, one of which is the Consortium Director.
New Deal Coordination Structures The New Deal process was endorsed in November 2011 by a wide range of International partners (including the g7+ association of conflict affected states) at the 4th High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Busan, South Korea. It is meant to be a country-led and country-owned process that is meant to strengthen capacities, ownership and mutual accountability, supported by the international community. Somalia self-elected as a New Deal pilot country. The Somalia New Deal Compact and the Somaliland Special Arrangement were endorsed by the international community on September 16, 2013 in Brussels.
The New Deal in Somalia focuses on five Peace building and State building goals (PSGs) that are aligned with the six pillar programme of the Federal Government and which together form the new aid framework for Somalia: The PSGs are:
Security and Rule of Law;
Revenue and Services.
The New Deal Compact foresees several new coordination mechanisms, all of which are currently being set up. This includes:
The Somalia Development and Reconstruction (SDRF) Steering Committee that will provide oversight and guidance on implementation of the New Deal compact
The High Level Partnership Forum, the main fairly inclusive platform for dialogue and policy discussion on the compact; and
The Development Partners Group that will provide a technical secretariat for sectoral policy formulation/planning and coordination.
The SDRF is the overarching governance structure; a technocratic vehicle that is meant to provide a platform for policy discussion on technical issues around the country systems performance, transparency, etc.
The Organisation of Islamic Co-operation (OIC) The OIC is an inter-governmental organisation established in 1969 which consists of 57 member states from four continents. Its headquarters are in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia and it is the second largest international organisation after the UN. OIC has a permanent delegation to the UN in New York.
The OIC is an inter-governmental organisation and as such also works in partnership with all authorities in Somalia. The OIC works to promote disasters risk reduction and emergency response in OIC member states. Somalia is a founding member. The OICs Somalia office in Mogadishu was established in March 2011.